Germany eventually crushed the Warsaw Uprising on 2 October 1944

On 2 October 1944, after 63 days of heroic and lonely battle between the insurgents and the German army, because of the lack of prospects for further struggle, representatives of the Home Army Headquarters signed an agreement to cease hostilities in Warsaw.

The Warsaw Uprising’s military goal was to liberate the capital from the German occupation, which showed all of its brutality for the preceding five years. 

When he learned about the rebellion, SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler issued an order in which he stated: „Every inhabitant must be killed, no prisoners are allowed to be taken, Warsaw is to be razed to the ground and thus an intimidating example for the whole of Europe is to be created„. 

For 63 days, the insurgents waged a heroic battle with the German army. 

In the end, due to the lack of prospects for further fighting, representatives of the Home Army, Colonel Kazimierz “Jarecki” Iranek-Osmecki and Lt. Col. Zygmunt “Zyndram” Dobrowolski signed à treaty to cease military operations in Warsaw at the SS-Obergruppenführer Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski headquarters in the Masovian town of Ożarów.

Recalling this event, Gen. Komorowski wrote: „For the second time in this war, Warsaw had to succumb to the advantage of the enemy. At the beginning and at the end of the war, the capital of Poland fought alone. But the fighting conditions in 1939 were completely different than in 1944. Five years ago, Germany stood at the peak of its power. The weakness of the Allies made it impossible to help Warsaw. The fall of the Polish capital was the first in a series of German victories. In 1944, the situation was the opposite when it comes to the Allies„.

During the fights in Warsaw, historians estimate that up to 180,000 people were killed. About 500,000 Varsovians were driven out of the city, which was almost completely destroyed after the uprising.

 

Image: Ewa Faryaszewska

Author: Sébastien Meuwissen

 

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