Poles’ enthusiasm towards EU membership hits bottom low 20 years after joining

At the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Poland’s membership in the EU, Poland has registered the lowest level of support for the country’s membership in the Union in over a decade. 

The recent poll, carried out by the state research agency CBOS, reveals that 77% of respondents endorse Poland’s presence in the EU, marking an eight-percentage-point decrease from last year and the lowest figure since 2013, when 72% voiced their support.

The 2024 results also reflect a 15-percentage-point decline from June 2022 when, in the aftermath of Russia’s full-scale aggression in Ukraine, Poland experienced record-high support for EU membership, reaching 92%.

This year, 17% of respondents opposed Poland’s EU membership, seven percentage points higher than last year and 12 percentage points more than two years ago. However, this figure was even higher in 2013 when 21% advocated for leaving the Union. 

According to the poll, nearly 3 in 5 respondents believe that Poland’s membership in the EU brings the country more benefits than losses, while around 1 in 5 hold the opposite view. Approximately 15% perceive the benefits and losses as balanced.

During the last two decades Poland spent as an EU member, there has not really been any time for rest given the successive crises Europeans had to deal with. It started with the economic crisis of 2008, the migration crisis of 2015, not to mention the more recent threats linked with the Covid-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine. 

Although the overall support for EU membership remains high in Poland, an increasing number of Polish citizens share the view that the EU did perform poorly in the face of these challenges, which partly explains the figures provided above. 

Image: X @wjarek

Author: Sébastien Meuwissen


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