The first mass transport of Poles to KL Auschwitz – VIDEO

Jun 14, 2020

At the beginning of World War II, the national-socialist extermination was directed primarily against the elites of the Polish nation. As a result, on 14 June 1940, the Germans sent the first transport of prisoners to KL Auschwitz. They were given numbers from 31 to 758. Among the prisoners there was a large group of people who had tried to get through to the newly formed National Polish Forces in France. Some were arrested as part of AB-Aktion (Extraordinary Operation of Pacification), carried out by the Germans in the General Government in 1940.Among the first prisoners of the camp there were also those detained during round-ups, activists of political, underground and social organisations, government officials, scouts, high school graduates, and other members of the Polish intelligentsia. Some of them were Polish citizens of Jewish descent.The youngest of prisoners, Stanisław Ryniak, was fifteen years old. He received camp number 31. 349 is the number of another prisoner of this transport, Bronisław Czech, 24-time Polish ski champion and three-time Olympic athlete, arrested by the Germans for his underground activity. He was also involved in the underground in KL Auschwitz organised in this camp by Captain Witold Pilecki.

Worshiping the memory of all the victims of German concentration and death camps on 14 June, we want to tell the world about our compatriots, who in September 1939 were the first to mount resistance not only in defense of their Homeland, but also in defence of the entire European civilisation. The Poles, also as the first among the nations of Europe, were subjected to systemic extermination.

Watch a documentary film (English subtitles) co-produced by the Auschwitz Museum and TVP Krakow to mark the 80th anniversary of the deportation of the first Poles to the German Nazi Auschwitz concentration camp on 14 June 1940.




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